Max Hurwicz

Max Hurwicz (1862-1927) was Adek‘s father and thus Leo’s grandfather. He died on March 7, 1927, when Leo was nine years old. (Source: Kotzin Genealogy Research Report, page 10.)

Click here for a picture.

“He knew me,” said Leo, “but I didn’t know him, I was under one and a half years old. After that, he was in Moscow and I was in Warsaw. When we were both in Moscow, when I was one year old, he was perhaps 51 years old. According to the story I was told, he looked at me and said ‘a chochem’ (a wise man).

“So,” Leo joked, “I consider him a good judge of character. But I have no memory of him, except indirect.

“When Max was approaching college age,” Leo continued, “in the nineteenth century, he was hoping to go to college, the first person in the family. The tsar at that time I think was named Alexander, of the Romanov dynasty.”

[Note: Alexander II was assassinated in 1881.]
“It must have been possible for a Jew to enter the University. But this Alexander, if I am right about the name, was assassinated by an anarchist. This resulted in a big move to the right politically, and one of the ‘reforms’ so-called was that Jews could not attend the university. But all six of Max’s children were university graduates; but that was already under the Communist regime.”

Leo told me in 2006 that he thought Max’s full name might be Maximillian. He said Max was the first in the family to have the name “Hurwicz”, that Max was in fact one of two sons of the Kotzin family (Kocyn in Polish), but was registered as a Hurwicz to avoid the draft, as a family with only one son would not have that son drafted. (The tsar’s army was a terrible place for Jews.)

A point that puzzled me for a long time: The family tree says that Max Hurwicz was born in 1862, his brother Moses “Moritz” Kotzin in 1869. You might think that it would be the second-born son that would get the draft-dodging surname; after all, when the first son was born, no one could know that there would be a second son seven years later! My guess now is that both Max and Moses were registered with the civil authorities only after 1869. Why would that be? Well, the family tree says that Moritz was born in Lithuania. The site says that the “family lists” that were used for conscription in Lithuania were created “randomly on a local basis.” It also says of these lists: “They are not completely reliable because of efforts to evade taxation or conscription by avoiding correct enumeration.” My guess is that both sons were officially registered only after 1869 in one of these family lists. It’s also possible that they weren’t registered until January 28, 1897, when the Russian government conducted the first and only nineteenth century general census of the Russian Empire. However, this census is considered reliable in comparison with the family lists, so I think the family list hypothesis is more likely correct.

Max and Moritz, two brothers, married two Friedland sisters (Frydland in the Polish spelling). Max married Sara Lea Friedland, and they had four daughters, among them Helenka.

There were four Friedland sisters in all. Some relatives now living in Canada (including Guela Solow, living in Toronto) are descended from Helen Kotzin (née Friedland), the sister who married Moritz.

Leo said that, around the time of World War I, Moritz borrowed money from Max to emigrate to Canada but had to return to Poland because he was unsuccessful in establishing himself in Canada. Later Max would not lend him money to try again. Moritz was angry about that, and this was the start of a rift between the Kotzin and Hurwicz branches.

But the sisters secretly kept in touch, which turned out to be lucky for relatives like my father, uncle and grandparents, after World War II, when the Kotzins were highly instrumental in bringing them over from Europe and helping them get established in the U.S. (some of the Kotzins at least having by now moved to Chicago). Thus, World War II healed the Kotzin/Hurwicz rift when those in Europe needed the help of those in the U.S. or Canada.

Maks Mojzesz Hurwicz
b: 1862
d: March 7, 1927
  • 1862 - Birth - ‎; Shavlany, Lithuania
  • March 7, 1927 - Death - /kocyn-research-report/; Moscow
Tobiasz Tuvya Kocyn Kotzin
1831 - May 7, 1874

Maks Mojzesz Hurwicz
1862 - March 7, 1927
Family Group Sheet - Child
PARENT (M) Tobiasz Tuvya Kocyn Kotzin
DeathMay 7, 1874 Warsaw, Poland
Marriageto Elka Razajczyk
FatherKocyn Kotzin
PARENT (F) Elka Razajczyk
Marriageto Tobiasz Tuvya Kocyn Kotzin
FLea Dwora Kocyn Kotzin
Marriageto Icchak Cohen
MMoses (Moshe, Moritz) Kocyn Kotzin
Marriageto Helen (Chaya Feigel) Friedland
MMaks Mojzesz Hurwicz
Birth1862Shavlany, Lithuania
DeathMarch 7, 1927Moscow
Marriageto Sara Lea Frydland
Family Group Sheet - Spouse
PARENT (M) Maks Mojzesz Hurwicz
Birth1862Shavlany, Lithuania
DeathMarch 7, 1927 Moscow
Marriageto Sara Lea Frydland
FatherTobiasz Tuvya Kocyn Kotzin
MotherElka Razajczyk
PARENT (F) Sara Lea Frydland
DeathMay 6, 1934 Moscow, Russia
Marriageto Maks Mojzesz Hurwicz
FatherCheskel Frydland
MotherMiriam Batszeva Kocyn
MTobjasz Stefan Hurwicz
Birth22 AUG 1887Poland
Death13 SEP 1949Warszawa, Poland
Marriageto Chaja Ejdla - Helena Minc
MAdolf Abraham (Adek) Hurwicz
Birth10 DEC 1889Warsaw
Death4 AUG 1981Minneapolis, MN
Marriageto Sophie Zina Salamon
MSolomon Monjo Hurwicz
FDwojra Dora Hurwicz
Marriageto Nachum Zacharin
FRachela Raya Hurwicz
Marriageto Naum
FHelen Hurwicz
Birth9 MAY 1905Poland
Death6 MAR 1998Minneapolis, MN
Marriageto Shura Shavzin
FFelicia Hurwicz
Marriageto Yakov Abramson
Descendancy Chart
Maks Mojzesz Hurwicz b: 1862 d: March 7, 1927
Sara Lea Frydland b: 1862 d: May 6, 1934
Tobjasz Stefan Hurwicz b: 22 AUG 1887 d: 13 SEP 1949
Chaja Ejdla - Helena Minc b: 25 AUG 1888 d: 25 MAR 1967
Malwina Malka Mala Hurwicz b: 14 AUG 1910 d: 20 MAR 1978
Izaak Izydor kowalek-Kowalski b: 13 JUN 1907 d: 10 MAR 1972
Roy Benjamin Kowalsky b: 27 JUL 1976
Max Maksym Mika Kowalski b: 13 JUN 1941
Varda Roza Kowalski b: NOV 1947 d: 25 NOV 2008
Tzachi Karol b: 16 SEP 1973
Hilla Karol b: 12 DEC 1974
Liam Benishti b: 19 FEB 2005
Romi Benishti b: 19 FEB 2005
Adolf Abraham (Adek) Hurwicz b: 10 DEC 1889 d: 4 AUG 1981
Sophie Zina Salamon b: June 12, 1893 d: February, 1956
Henry Hurwicz b: 1922 d: 2010
Leo Leonid Hurwicz b: 21 AUG 1917 d: 24 JUN 2008
Evelyn Jensen b: 31 OCT 1923 d: 22 NOV 2016
Ruth Hurwicz b: 25 MAY 1951
Prof. David Markovitz b: 25 FEB 1954
Lara Markovitz b: 1983
Adam Markovitz b: 13 FEB 1987
Michael Mike Hurwicz b: 18 JAN 1949
Linda Cheryl Bryant b: 2-8-53
Maxim Hurwicz b: 5 SEP 1953
Roxanne Blanco b: 14 Jun 1959
Roxanne Blanco b: 14 Jun 1959
Nicole Blanco-Hurwicz b: 13 Nov 1982
Sarah Hurwicz b: 7 DEC 1946
Jon Kogut b: 17 MAY 1945
Sophie Kogut b: 23 AUG 1967
Brian Ashley Judd b: 5 JAN 1968
Dwojra Dora Hurwicz b: 1892 d: 1933
Mara Marina Zacharin b: 1928 d: 2006
Max Zacharin b: 17 MAY 1958
Kira Volvovsky b: 19 SEP 1968
Yonatan Zacharin b: 15 FEB 2003
Daniel Zacharin b: 27 DEC 2004
Uri Zacharin b: 16 MAR 2010
Helen Hurwicz b: 9 MAY 1905 d: 6 MAR 1998
Masha Shavzin b: 1964
Boris Abramson b: 1945 d: 1984
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